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ADHD is a neurobiologist disorder who usually have a characteristic inability to concentrate, easy to switch his attention, and hyperactivity. In general, ADHD is associated with behavioral disorders and cognitive activity such as thinking, remembering, describing, summarizing, organizing, and others. Characteristics like these usually start to appear in early childhood, is chronic, not caused by other physical disorders, mental retardation, or emotional problems. If the situation is not handled properly, children at high risk for disturbances in learning ability, decreased self-esteem, social problems, difficulties, and potentially affect long time. More and more children are diagnosed with this disorder with or without hyperactivity,

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which are generally accompanied by problems of learning disabilities and other behavioral emotional problems. In general, new parents aware of this when the child
was sitting in first grade. It turned out that the child can not
immediately follow the course to read and write fluently like the other
friends. Teachers report that children less attention to lessons,
indifferent, lazy, or careless.

Children and Adult with Attention Deficit Disorder (1994) mentioned that about 3 to 5 percent of schoolchildren have ADHD. American Psychiatric Association states that the incidence of ADHD, with
or without hyperaktivity is 1 to 20 percent in school age children. In
Indonesia there are no national data because only few researches done.
Research in Gamping (Yogyakarta) obtains prevalence of 3 percent child
are diagnosed ADHD.


Research conducted by Gamayanti, Kumara, and Firngadi (1999) in all of the kindergartens in Yogyakarta city shows that from 3233 children, found 215 children with ADHD, with
or without hyperaktivitas (6.68%). Of these, 82,4% or 177 children are
persons with ADD and 17.6% or 38 children are ADHD. ADHD Disorder with
or without this hyperaktivity suffered by more boys than girls, but
lately the number of girls who suffer from this disorder become larger.

Although no official figures on a study of children with ADHD, but the world number of patients ranged 30-10 percent of the children population. The
study in Indonesia’s capital city (Jakarta )in 2002 mentions that from
100 elementary schools, there are 4 children likely to suffer from ADHD.


To treate ADHD, we need to use the formation of behavioral therapy. One important thing to remember is this therapy is a diagnosis that is very
subjective because it depends on the assessment of the family,
community, and teachers who provide an assessment of the child's
behavior and does not depend on the specific diagnosis. Each family
would have different views with others, be it teachers or other
community. Because it is very subjective, we caution required in
assessing the behavior of our children.


written by : Agil Azzahra

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