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4 Causes of Swollen Legs in Pregnant Women

Leg swelling occurs quite often in pregnant women but it can be provoked by different factors. Before starting treatment, the doctor has to view the medical history of the pregnant woman. It’s not recommended to resort to self-medication since it can be quite dangerous for the expectant mother and her baby. Therefore, every pregnant woman looking to treat her swollen legs should always consult her doctor before starting to take any medication. Read this article and find out four causes of leg swelling during pregnancy. 

1. Physiological leg swelling

The volume of circulating blood at the final stages of pregnancy increases to two liters. Some women experience rapid weight gain and sometimes their weight can increase by 44-66 pounds. In addition, at the end of pregnancy women are usually very thirsty and drink a lot of water during the day which further promotes leg swelling. 

In most cases, leg swelling during pregnancy is a natural process and doesn’t pose a threat to either the woman or her baby. However, women should strictly control their weight. If weight gain is very sharp then it may be caused by hidden edema. In any case, the gynecologist should determine the true cause of frequent swellings and plan proper treatment based on this. 

2. Varicose veins of the lower extremities

Varicose veins are a fairly common condition. The loading on leg vessels in pregnant women increases significantly which can cause varicose veins even in previously healthy women. This disease often leads to leg edema. 

Leg swelling in pregnant women with varicose veins is almost inevitable. It usually occurs in the evening, after prolonged sitting or standing and completely disappears in the morning. A woman may experience leg pain, burning, and heaviness. 

It’s difficult to treat varicose veins during pregnancy since almost all medications intended to treat varicose veins are prohibited during pregnancy. A pregnant woman should use medications only under the control of a vein specialist NYC. Women can reduce their edema during pregnancy by wearing compression stockings or elastic tights. 

3. Toxemia

Preeclampsia is a pregnancy complication that is characterized by three main symptoms:

  • Swelling of the whole body including legs 
  • High blood pressure 
  • Proteinuria (the presence of excess proteins in the urine)

Every woman who wants to be a mother should know the dangers of leg swelling during pregnancy, especially if they are combined with high blood pressure and proteinuria. 

Edema during preeclampsia is present throughout the day. A pregnant woman becomes less likely to urinate. When leg swelling appears, women may experience weakness, fatigue, thirst, and leg pain.

4. Allergic reaction

Allergic reactions often occur in pregnant women. Sometimes they can manifest as leg swelling. It is not difficult to distinguish allergic edema from other types of edema. They are characterized by a papular itchy rash. In addition, allergic edema often affects the face, neck, and mouth.

In cases of suspected allergic swelling, you should take an antihistamine and visit your doctor.

Leg swelling during pregnancy is a serious condition since it can be caused by dangerous health problems and may harm the woman and her baby. Therefore, it’s important to monitor the overall health and not to ignore even slight changes in the body. 

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