Regular medical tests that help you lead a long and fulfilling life is the best prevention method for may health problems. But unfortunately, millions of Americans are not eager to keep up with the recommended preventative tests and exams. These exams can help you prevent different diseases and protect your heart, bones and more. Here is a list of examinations and screenings recommended for women after the age of 30. If you are prone to any specific diseases, make your own screening schedule.
A Pap test is recommended every three years for women aged 21 to 65 years. The test can show abnormal changes in cervical cells which can indicate a precancerous condition or early cancer. After your 30’s, you can choose a combination of Pap smears and check for the presence of the human papillomavirus (HPV), which can cause genital warts and cervical cancer. If both these tests return negative, you can repeat them in five years. This should be done until you are 65 years old.
You need to visit your dentist once or twice a year according to the American Dental Association recommendations. It is necessary for performing teeth cleaning and checking for severe gum disease, plaque, or other problems with oral health. But the condition of your teeth can also suggest osteoporosis and even cancer, which your dentist can find first. If you have some dental problems, you may need to visit the dentist’s office more frequently.
Requirements upon blood pressure screening don’t differ significantly among organizations. Get your blood pressure tested every three to five years starting at age 18 to be aware of any changes. It may be checked even more often if you have risk factors for high blood pressure or if the reading is on the high end of normal. At the age of 40, it is better to perform annual testing. The American Heart Association advises starting testing blood pressure at the age of 20 and repeating it at least once every two years.
There are no official recommendations for the required examination of the skin. There is still insufficient data to recommend for people with an average risk of developing skin cancer who do not have symptoms of regular visits to a dermatologist. However, the American Academy of Dermatology recommends to regularly undergo a skin self-test and visit a dermatologist if you notice any changes on your skin.
There are still conflicting opinions about when women should start to undergo mammography and how often it should be repeated to detect breast cancer. Some experts recommend women with an average risk of breast cancer to perform a mammogram every two years from 50 years old to 74 years old. The choice to have a mammogram before this is individual. Others recommend annual mammograms starting at age 40.
According to the American Cancer Society, women aged 40 to 44 years may choose whether they want to undergo a mammogram examination every year. Women between the ages of 45 and 54 should be screened annually, and women over 55 years old and older may undergo annual mammograms or once every two years. Discuss your risk of breast cancer and the screening procedure that makes sense to you with your doctor.