Plantar fasciitis is a condition that spares no athletes, seniors, those who have a job that requires standing, and even moms. This issue always triggers heel pain due to inflammation of a thick band of connective tissue on the bottom of the foot. The pain usually decreases as you move but it can increase after long periods of standing or when you stand up after sitting.
There are many risk factors that can contribute to an inflamed plantar fascia. Let's review the five most common reasons for this type of heel pain. Sometimes plantar fasciitis can be caused by more than one factor.
When you gain weight, your feet have to carry those extra pounds around every day. They are always tired and stressed, and the tissue on the bottom of the feet, which is responsible for holding it gets overworked and worn out. Fortunately, you can treat plantar fasciitis regardless of the body frame and size, therefore you don't need to wait to reach the perfect weight. Of course, it’s always better to maintain a healthy diet and exercise regularly because any changes you make toward a healthier lifestyle are always appreciated by your feet.
There are three-foot types: the normal arch, the flat foot, and the high-arched foot. The flat foot is most flexible and tends to pronation which can contribute to stressing the plantar fascia and causing heel pain. A high arch can also lead to foot strain. Since high arches are usually poor shock absorbers. The extra wear and tear on high arched feet can cause irritation. If you have flat or high-arched feet, consult your foot doctor who will help you choose the most appropriate shoes for your feet.
Injuries, constant stress, and overuse issues often cause heel pain and irritate the plantar fascia. Approximately 10% of all athletes and runners will suffer from heel pain at some point. In most cases, plantar fasciitis in athletes can be difficult to treat since they can’t stand to miss a game, an event or a run. This foot problem takes a long time to heal, unlike other injuries athletes are frequently faced with.
Improper shoes can also cause heel pain and foot problems. Thin-soled shoes give minimal protection for the bottom of the feet which makes the plantar fascia prone to inflammation and irritation. Too old shoes are also bad for your feet as the shock-absorbing materials wear out. This overloads your plantar fascia and leads to painful heels. Working on a job where you are on your feet all day can also make you more prone to develop plantar fasciitis. The hard, unyielding surfaces you work, shop, and walk on increase the impact and stress on your feet.
There are a lot of people who stepped on something like a stone and triggered plantar fasciitis. Typical scenarios include stepping barefoot on a stone (it’s also called “stone bruise”) in the garden or driveway or stepping on a toy in the house. Actually, most insidious toys are Legos. To relieve inflammation use ice therapy and try topical anti-inflammatory agents. Forget about bare feet even in the house to protect your heel until it gets better.