Gingivitis is a common oral issue that produces gum inflammation, which can result in gum bleeding, tenderness, and bad breath. It is caused by plaque accumulation, including inflammatory bacteria, on the teeth. 

If it is not treated in time, gingivitis can develop into periodontitis, a more serious type of gum disease that can result in teeth loss.  Fortunately, there are several treatment options that can prevent it from progressing.

1. Professional dental cleaning

Cleaning teeth of plaque and tartar is the first step of gingivitis treatment. This can be realized through professional tooth cleansing, also known as prophylaxis. A dental hygienist will use specialized instruments to clear plaque and tartar from the teeth and gum line during this procedure. Additionally, they will clean the teeth to get rid of any surface discoloration. This thorough cleaning may lower gingival inflammation and stop further damage.

2. Improved oral hygiene

Maintaining good oral hygiene is essential for controlling gingivitis. It is advised to use fluoride toothpaste and a soft-bristled toothbrush to clean your teeth twice a day for at least two minutes each time. 

Flossing at least once a day is also essential for removing plaque and leftover food from between the teeth. Additionally, using an antibacterial mouthwash can help to eliminate oral bacteria and refresh your breath.

3. Scaling and root planing

Depending on how far the gingivitis has progressed, scaling and root planing may be required as a thorough cleaning treatment. Despite being more complex and frequently carried out under local anesthesia, this process is comparable to professional dental cleaning. 

In order to clear plaque and tartar from beneath the gum line and smooth out any rough areas on the tooth roots, the dentist or dental hygienist will use specialized instruments during the process. This can help in reducing swelling and promote healing.

4. Medications

The treatment of gingivitis occasionally involves the use of medications. To eliminate oral bacteria, doctors may recommend antibiotics in pills, topical gel, or mouthwash to eliminate oral bacteria. Prescription-strength fluoride toothpaste or mouthwash may also be recommended to strengthen tooth enamel and reduce the risk of tooth decay. Anti-inflammatory medicines such as ibuprofen may also be prescribed to alleviate gum discomfort and swelling.

5. Laser therapy

Laser therapy for gingivitis is a comparatively new treatment option. A dentist or periodontist will use a laser during this treatment to eliminate infected gum tissue while promoting healthy tissue development. 

Traditional gum surgery is more invasive than laser treatment, which usually leads to less discomfort and a faster recovery. It may cost more than alternative treatments and is inappropriate for all gingivitis cases.

6. Surgery

Surgery might be required to address the damage that has been caused to the gums and teeth when gingivitis has turned into periodontitis. Gum surgery can be divided into three types: gum grafts, bone grafts, and flap surgery. 

These surgeries are usually performed under local anesthesia and may necessitate a period of recovery. However, despite being a more invasive choice, surgery can effectively address gum disease.

7. Lifestyle changes

In addition to these treatment options, many lifestyle changes can help prevent and control gingivitis. These include: 

  • Quitting smoking: Smoking can increase the risk of gum disease and make it more difficult to treat. 
  • Healthy diet: A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can provide essential vitamins and minerals for healthy gums and teeth. 
  • Stress Management: Stress can weaken the immune system and make it harder for the body to fight infections. 

It is alao imposrttant to visist a dentost on a regular basis. A professional dentist can recognize early signs of gingivitis and recommend the most suitable treatment plan. 

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