Most people in the world have at least at some point experienced heartburn. It’s quite normal to feel spicy or fried foods burn the insides of your stomach. Nevertheless, it is not always just a feeling. Sometimes a heartburn is a symptom of a serious disease that requires immediate treatment.
The burning sensation occurs as a result of irritation of the gastric mucosa. The environment inside the stomach is acidic. This is achieved with the help of a substance called stomach acid because it contains hydrochloric acid. The environment in the esophagus is alkaline.
A special orbicular muscle prevents food from getting back to the esophagus from the stomach. If this muscle gets weak, it stops working properly. The process of throwing the food back into the esophagus is called reflux. The inside of the stomach walls is covered with a layer of mucus that protects the stomach from the aggressive action of the acid.
There are also no glands in the stomach to produce new mucus. This is why the acid damages the stomach’s mucosa and causes a chemical burn. The patient feels burning and/or even pain the chest; this is why it’s called a heartburn.
The weakening of the esophageal sphincter and increased concentration of hydrochloric acid in the stomach are symptoms of the following gastrointestinal diseases:
Besides the mentioned diseases, other conditions may also cause a heartburn. They include:
It is very important to discover the root cause of your heartburn. If heartburn is a regular problem for you, it’s best to visit a gastroenterologist and go through complete diagnostics. It is also important to understand that your lifestyle is crucial for successful medical treatment and these things only work in a complex.