No matter how much effort we put into keeping ourselves and the ones around us safe, some things are simply out of our control. Nobody likes to think about how it would be like to be confronted with a dangerous situation, but life is unpredictable and there’s a real possibility that one day you might have to deal with risky circumstances. That’s why it’s always wise to be prepared, as far as possible, to face any type of emergencies.

An emergency situation refers to all unexpected and often dangerous situations that require immediate action in order to avoid harmful consequences. Although there’s little we can control in a crisis, certain things are still up to us. The way we react in is one of the aspects that we can learn how to manage. Usually, people’s reactions are unpredictable when they’re in the face of danger, but there are ways to achieve self-control and take the right course of action. In the end, your behavior can make the difference between life and death.  

Know yourself closely 

The way you behave in a normal setting isn’t an indicator of how you will act in an emergency. A perfectly calm and composed person can panic or freeze completely in dangerous circumstances. When we’re confronted with a life-threatening event our brains experience an unusually high level of stress and that affects the way we think and act. That’s why most people break down in such situations and are unable to think logically.  

It’s important to know yourself and your limits. If you’re not mentally strong enough to handle high amounts of stress, you should find ways to calm yourself, control your emotions and reduce your heart rate. Breathing exercises are usually recommended in cases like this because they can help reduce stress levels enough to be able to take yourself to safety before things become worse.

Overcome the denial phase

If you’re not going crazy in an emergency, it might be because you’re still in denial. It’s hard to accept that your worst nightmares have come true. People usually try to find a reassuring logical explanation for what is happening and don’t want to believe the worst. 

Besides avoiding reality, another normal tendency is to look for answers in others. When we’re not sure of what is going on or how we should act, we instinctively turn to those around us for help and imitate what they are doing. We also tend to leave the responsibility for taking action in an emergency to others, especially when we’re surrounded by large numbers of people. 

Assess the situation

Once you’ve come to terms with the fact that the emergency is actually happening, it’s time to decide how you will manage it. This starts with assessing the gravity of the event and determining its nature. Whether it’s an accident, a medical emergency or a natural disaster, you must know what you’re dealing with. If you want to solve a problem you must first know all the data, so try to keep yourself calm and look around you to make sure you understand what’s really going on. This will help you evaluate your options, so you can choose what to do next.  

Ask for help

The first thing you must do in an emergency is to contact the emergency services in your area. Even if you know how to perform CPR or you’ve taken first aid courses, your knowledge is not comparable to those of paramedics or professionals with EMT basic training. It’s important to offer clear and accurate information to the dispatcher so they can send help as fast as possible. The circumstances can change suddenly, so try not to panic and give them precise updates on your situation. 

If you’re trying to help an injured person, get as many information as you can on the victim. You should try to evaluate their mental state by asking basic questions. If they’re lucid enough to answer, ask them if they have any medical conditions. Don’t keep the phone busy after you’ve called for help as the dispatcher might try to contact you. 

Decide what you can do

No one is ever prepared to handle an emergency, except maybe for those working in the field. In some cases, you can only stand back and hope for the best while waiting for help to arrive. But in other cases, you can step in and make a positive difference. But first you must decide what exactly you can do, before you take any action. Think before you do is the golden rule here. 

If you feel you’re strong enough to deal with the pressure, your help may prove to be extremely valuable. Even if it’s just reassuring someone and offering moral support in an extreme situation, it’s always better than nothing. But make sure that by helping others you don’t put yourself in danger.

When you’re not completely sure of your actions, it’s better not to interfere and wait for the emergency responders to arrive. For example, it’s not recommended to move an injured person as you can cause more damage. However, if they’re facing immediate danger and you absolutely need to move them, do that by dragging them as gently as possible to a safe place.

Take emergency training courses

Even though you can’t be prepared for everything, having a basic idea of the steps you should follow during an emergency can give you the confidence you need to handle the situation better. A first aid kit is useless if you don’t know what to do with it. But there are plenty of emergency training courses where you can gain important knowledge on how to manage an emergency. Learning from professionals is the best option you have to get prepared and make sure that if disaster strikes, you’ll know what to do. 

You can learn how to act when a natural disaster occurs, how to perform CPR, AED or first aid by signing up for emergency training in your area or you can also search for online courses. The better you’re prepared, the more chances you’ll have to keep yourself and others safe. 


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